Food is a life necessity. We all have to breathe, sleep and eat, yet food is much more than just a survival act. Around the world there are different patterns of eating and it is an important part of the culture. There are special national and regional dishes, table manners, various meals through out the day, also the range of diversity of vegetables, fruit and meat, etc.
I was interested, based on the discussion in the class, to compare diets along the continents and see the correlation between the cultures and food patterns. In my research, I found a very inspiring article from The Time, entitled ‘What the World Eats.’ It does not only show what kind of food is available in different parts of the world, but also what is the food expenditure per family and favorite dishes in represented countries. You can see how diverse the world of food is:
United States: The Revis family – 2 adults, 2 teenagers | Food expenditure for one week: $341.98
Poland: The Sobczynscy family – 4 adults, 1 teenager | Food expenditure for one week: 582.48 Zlotys or $151.27
Bhutan: The Namgay family – 7 adults, 6 kids | Food expenditure for one week: 224.93 ngultrum or $5.03
After researching different diets from around the world, I also wanted to check what countries have the healthiest one. The results are shown in a article by Forbes. It depicts where people eat healthiest and also the obesity rate and life expectancy, two factors which are very much related to our everyday diet. Based on these elements, Japanese are considered to be the healthiest of the people (it is interesting to see that next places belong to other Asian nations, Singapore and China. In the top 10 there are only Asian and European countries, Sweden is number four).
Japan | Obesity rate: 1.5% | Life expectancy: 82 years
Pasternak praises Japanese cuisine for its focus on cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, broccoli, bok choy and kale. The main sources of protein in the Japanese diet–fish and soy–are also heart healthy. Finally, the Japanese eat plenty of complex carbohydrates in the form of nutrient-rich buckwheat noodles. Some Japanese practice calorie restriction, eating only until they feel 80% full.
You can see the full results in a slideshow. It relates back to the diversity of food and healthy choices we all should and can make:
– Kasia (Katarzyna) Dybek