Indo-Burma is a vast jungle land that encompasses two million km sq. of tropical Asia. It is located east of the Genges-Brahmaputra lowlands. Although one thinks of this region as a rainforest it surprisingly hosts a mix of deciduous plant life as well. Its weather patterns are varied based on the region. When winter rolls through to the central most part, it becomes dry, cold, and windy. But when it makes its way eastbound over the land it releases a fury of monsoons upon this jungle habitat.
It is a prevalent Hotspot due to a number of reasons. Most of the species that inhabit this region are threatened by over-harvesting of the land, extensive habitat loss, and personal/commercial hunting. Forest loss in this area can be attributed to the expansion of fruit tree plantations, illegal logging, and firewood collection. Only about 5% of natural habitats remain in fairly pristine conditions. In total 236,000 km sq. are officially protected, no thanks to the government of Indo-Burma, who invests very limited funds into the conservation of this region. Much of the funds come from outside donators including Denmark, Japan, the United States, and the Netherlands. The Chinese have a developed pallet so their traditional dishes consist of multiple endangered species. These include a wide array of turtles, snakes, tigers, and other species that they are slowly depleting due to over harvesting.
One of the inhabitants of this region that is under constant threat is the Grey-Shanked Duoc. It is among the world’s 25 most endangered primates. It has a large population size but the fact that they are endangered is due to the fact that they only exist in 5 mountainous regions in Vietnam. Also for this same reason gives us hope that the Grey-Shanked Duoc will see another day. Since there are so many of them confined in small areas of Indo-Burma the survival of their species seems to be a reality that will exist in the near and extended future.This petit primate was discovered in Vietnam, and seems to be mainly restricted to mountainous regions. These monkeys stay mostly tree bound leaping and bounding from one branch to another high up in the forests canopy. They travel in groups and only indulge on the youngest and most tender leaves that they can find. The Wildlife Protection Law in Vietnam has placed this particular species under the highest protection that they can decree. But every now and then these wiley apes make their way into various fruit tree farms, and the farmer’s don’t take kindly to their primate visitors. They viciously hunt these monkeys with assorted rifles and baited traps. It’s a constant battle out their for these monkeys, one that they are regrettably losing. The Frankfurt Zoological Society recognizes a monkey in peril when they see one, which is why they have begun to study this species to provide recommendations for the establishment of special Species Protection Areas which aim to bridge the geographical gap between these isolated monkey clans.
Konstant, W. R. and Nadler, T. 2005. Grey-shanked Douc, Pygathrix cinerea
Nadler, 1997. In: Primates in Peril: The World’s 25 Most Endangered Primates 2004-2006, R. A. Mittermeier, C. Valladares-Pádua, A. B. Rylands, A. A. Eudey, T. M. Butynski, J. U. Ganzhorn, R. Kormos, J. M. Aguiar and S. Walker (eds.), p.29. Report to IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group (PSG), International Primatological Society (IPS) and Conservation International (CI), Washington, DC.
Elluz Chong, Nicole Barone, and Callahan Qui. “Indo-Burma.” Environment Literacy Council. The Environment Literacy Council, 06 25 2008. Web. 5 Oct 2011. <http://www.enviroliteracy.org/article.php/498.html>.